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Joint Programmes - Activities by Country
28 March 2020

Activity Details (ID# 15602)  

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Title Training Seminar on Procedural Protective Measures for Witnesses 
Description - Original Location: Palic, Serbia, Other 
Status Completed 
Date 26/06/2006 - 29/06/2006 
Location Palic, Serbia
Countries CoE Members: Albania / Bosnia and Herzegovina / Croatia / Serbia / ''the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia''
Others: Kosovo*
  Joint Programme Activity - SEE-Pol
Joint Programme EC/CoE
JP SEE-Pol - CARDS - South East Europe - Police and Economic Crime    (Logframe)  (Activities)
Project Purpose 1 - 2004/DG1/JP/1556   SEE-Pol - Develop a regional strategy against economic and organised crime
Expected Result 1.4 - The creation of effective mechanisms to protect witnesses of serious crime supported
Council of Europe Programme of Activities
Line of Action ⇒ 3 – Building a society based on the Rule of Law
Programme ☆ 3.2  European standards for crime control
Project 2004/DG1/143 Effective measures to fight economic crime
Expected Result 3 Capacities of member states strengthened against corruption and organised crime in central and eastern Europe

Working Method

Organisation of meetings - Seminar 
Directorate (Service) DG I Legal Affairs (Crime Problems Department)
CoE Contact STOICA, Livia   email
Partners Belgrade - Secretariat Field Presence
Last Modified 10/07/2006 

Activity Synopsis (ID# 15602) (Hide Synopsis)

Objective(s) The objective of this seminar was twofold:

 To train selected number of potential trainers i.e. local experts so as to have a core group that may start conducting in-country trainings on procedural protective measures for witnesses
 To review the Draft Training manual, in order to have it finalized in the near future, thus providing necessary material for further training in accordance with determined / agreed schedule
Output/Results During the four days training, a number of issues have been raised and discussed in an inter-active approach. Having in mind that the main aim was to train local experts to undertake similar trainings in the near future, the topic of procedural protective measures for witnesses had been analyzed in an in-depth, comprehensive manner:
- the first session was dedicated to the concept of witness protection, relevant European standards and international criminal courts' standards and practice . Participants familiarised themselves in particular with the relevant standards set by the European Court of Human Rights' jurisprudence.
- the second session dealt with witness interviews from a psychological and legal perspective. Possible approaches were presented on how to interview witnesses and key aspects of preparing such interviews, tailored to the witnesses' situation . Practical examples in the workshop sessions were used to maximize the benefit of the lectures.
- the third session dealt with the key aspects of preparing threat and risk assessments- importance of the risk/ threat assessment, key factors, continuity, roles and responsibilities of different actors. Practical examples were analysed and discussed during workshops.
- the fourth session closed the circle, by explaining in-depth how to decide upon procedural protective measures – starting with a presentation of available measures, pros and cons of each of them, going through roles of different actors, finishing with logistics in relation to their implementation.
Thus, key legal, practical and organizational aspects of procedural protective measures for witnesses were covered from the angles relevant for each category of participants.
Finally, participants provided comments on the Draft Training manual and presented an outline of the training options / possibilities from the perspective of their own project area. Delegations responded very well, therefore enabling to map out a convcrete schedule of project areas’ training events to be organised before the end of September 2006.
Conclusions/Follow Up The discussions and lectures revealed the usefulness and appropriate timing of this training seminar at regional level. At this stage, when in one form or another, the legislative framework and the recently set up witness protection units are in place in almost all project areas, the training of all those involved in witness protection comes as a step in the right direction, if proper and adequate implementation is to be expected.
Organising this training seminar at regional level was clearly beneficial:
- the peer pressure resulted in some of the delegations deciding to further improve the quality of their specific chapter of the Manual, to bring it in line with other countries' contributions
- some countries expressed their wish to have trainers from the region participating / lecturing during the in-country specific seminars.

Furthermore, follow-up will be required as follows:
- the training manual will have to be finalised by taking into account the comments expressed by the various delegations and further translated in all languages of the project areas, published and widely disseminated;
- several in-country trainings will have to be organised before the end of the project: Albania (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (4), Croatia (1), Kosovo (2), Montenegro (1), Serbia (2), ''the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia'' (1). 
Participants Police officers, prosecutors and judges from all project areas with concrete/ daily experience on the implementation of procedural protective measures and/or witness protection. 
Consultants/Experts 10 experts: (Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia), 1 expert from ICC and 2 experts from ICTY.
CoE Secretariat Ms Livia Stoica-Becht, Deputy Project Manager
Ms Silvija Panovic-Djuric, local project officer
Ms Tanya Peshovska, project assistant 
Total No. Participants 55 
Last Modified


  * All reference to Kosovo, whether to the territory, institutions or population, in this text shall be understood in full compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 and without prejudice to the status of Kosovo.  
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