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Joint Programmes - Activities by Country
06 April 2020

Activity Details (ID# 25438)  

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Title RAE - First training session 
Description Two general objectives, each with three specific objectives, have been formulated based on suggestions of the participants in the preparatory meeting, taking into account the assessment of the needs of teachers and RAE communities, and in agreement with the RAE Education Strategy of the Ministry:
1. improving access and participation to education
increase attendance
reduce and prevent drop-out
improve relations: parents - teachers / community - school
2. enhancing quality and achievement
increase awareness and understanding of RAE issues
inclusion of elements of Roma history and culture in the education process
use innovative pedagogical approaches to stimulate school achievement, build self-esteem, improve relations and reduce prejudice
Status Completed 
Date 05/10/2009 - 07/10/2009 
Location Pristina, Kosovo*
Countries Others: Kosovo*
  Joint Programme Activity - Kosovo-IBP
Joint Programme EC/CoE
JP Kosovo-IBP - Education in Kosovo: Inter-culturalism and the Bologna Process*    (Logframe)  (Activities)
Project Purpose 1 - 2008/DG4/JP/1763   Education in UNMIK/Kosovo : Inter-culturalism and the Bologna Process
Expected Result 1.4 - Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian (RAE) a. RAE and non-Roma teachers trained and prepared to work with multicultural classes. b. The Council of Europe’s teaching material adapted and used at local level
Council of Europe Programme of Activities
I – Social Cohesion
Line of Action ⇒ IV.1 – Ensuring social cohesion
Programme ☆ IV.1.6  Roma and Travellers
Project 2002/DG4/93 Education of Roma children in Europe
Expected Result 2 Education professionals and the wider public have been made aware of the history of the Roma i.e. the Genocide, especially through the teaching tools which facilitate the preparation of the teaching of remembrance.

Working Method

Training Course 
Directorate (Service) Education, Culture and Heritage, Youth and Sport (Directorate of Education & Languages)
CoE Contact AILINCAI, Aurora   email
Web Pages
Documents & links
1 http://www.ibp-kosovo.org  
Last Modified 13/11/2009 

Activity Synopsis (ID# 25438) (Hide Synopsis)

Objective(s) Launching of the training sessions foreseen in the RAE component of the IBP project in order to prepare teachers and mediators to work in multicultural environment:
increase awareness and understanding of RAE issues
stimulate the inclusion of elements of Roma history and culture in the education process
develop skills to use innovative pedagogical approaches to stimulate school achievement, build self-esteem, improve relations and reduce prejudice
enhance school-community and teachers -parents cooperation
Output/Results Participants were selected by the local CoE office, based on the criteria defined during the preparatory meeting and on the suggestions formulated by the MEST, KEC, Balkan Sunflowers, OSCE and other participants in the preparatory meeting.
The training programme has been structured based on the document prepared by Calin Rus, following the recommendations from the preparatory meeting, taking into account the two target groups: teachers working with RAE children and mediators or people potentially acting as mediators.
The training included an opening session, attended by representatives of the MEST, OSCE, Kosovo Education Centre, plenary sessions, workshops on the topics corresponding to the objectives stated above, some with both teachers and mediators, others separately for teachers and mediators, and was concluded with an evaluation.
A representative of the European Commission office in Kosovo also attended one of the sessions.
A variety of methods was used: plenary lectures with visual support in local languages, group work, interactive exercises and group discussions.
The program of this session has been planned with the aim to provide enough elements so that participants will be able to design and implement into their practice activities connected with all the objectives set for the training.
An introduction to the history of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians was provided, based on a lecture by Rubin Zemon and a video material presented by Saimir Mile. Participants could get for the first time some knowledge and scientific information on the history and different ethnic identities of Balkan Egyptians and Ashkali communities. This was presented together with an overview of constructivist concepts and paradigms related with ethnicity, nation, and communities, as opposed to primordialism, as a necessary approach to understand the complex issue related with Egyptians and Ashkali identities.
Saimir Mile worked with a group on school mediation, having as reference material the European Guide of Roma School Mediator/Assistant, and other CoE documents. Calin Rus and Oana Nestian worked with groups of teachers and managed the rest of the plenary sessions.

The degree of involvement in the training activities varied greatly among the participants. The majority of the participants were motivated, interested, active, and able to provide valuable outputs to the tasks given by trainers. However, there was a group of about 6 participants who refused to be actively involved in the activities and did not accomplish the tasks requested.
The final sessions focused on how participants will be able to implement and use some of the ideas, approaches, methods and tools presented during the training in their practice.
The evaluation confirmed that for most participants the training provided both additional motivation and useful information to support the improvement of the effectiveness of their work with Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian children.
Conclusions/Follow Up The training was a good start of a process that will continue throughout the next stages of the project implementation and set a good basis for the achievement of the objectives of this component.

It was confirmed that the topics addressed and the methodological approach are relevant for the needs of the target groups involved and that the whole training approach taken (based on a series of training sessions with requirements for implementation in between the sessions) is the right one to ensure effectiveness and sustainability.

The training also addressed in a balanced way the complex issues related with history and ethnic identity of Egyptians and Ashkali in Kosovo, deconstructed in a scientific way and presented in proper way to the stakeholders involved. Participants expressed an interest and a need to continuing with discussions and presentations related with history and identity of Roma, Egyptians and Ashkali in Kosovo.

However, the profile of participants that attended the training and the differences in attitude towards the training mentioned above show the need to revise the composition of the target group for the next stages of the project. That should be done by:
-replacing the teachers that did not show motivation and involvement during the training with motivated teachers working in the most numerous Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities;
-inviting teachers from the schools from the communities where mediators that attended the training work (they are Serbian schools);
-inviting additional mediators to join the group, particularly from those communities from where teachers are already involved and from where there are active educational centres (this has been discussed with Balkan Sunflower and Kosovo Education Centre – meeting on Thursday 8th Oct.)
Participants are expected to send to the CoE office in Pristina by the middle of January both a detailed analysis of the educational situation of RAE children in their school and community, based on a set of indicators presented and discussed during the training, and a report of the implementation of at least one activity in each of the categories introduced during the training, as described in a document distributed during the last session (see attached documents).

Additional comments:

While the majority of the group has a very high potential for making a valuable contribution to the improvement of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians education, even if we leave aside the small group of non-motivated teachers who will probably be replaced for the next sessions, there are important differences in terms of awareness of the key issues and experience with innovative, interactive methods. Therefore, the next sessions will have to continue to focus on:
-increasing awareness and understanding of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians issues, including history and culture;
-developing skills for using innovative and interactive methods for teaching and for engaging with parents and local communities;
-cooperating with mediators in order to improve the education of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian children and to develop effective cooperation with parents

Regarding the sensitive issues of identities and history, it has been proven useful to provide, besides historical data, a more general framework for understanding ethnic and cultural identities. The majority of participants heard for the first time current theories in anthropology. They could get a better understanding of the complex processes associated to Ashkali, Egyptians and Roma communities in Kosovo, but also at regional and European level. However, this topic should be further developed and analysed during the following training sessions and the Council of Europe Fact Sheets on Roma history will be a valuable resource for this purpose.

Participants -European Commission Liaison Office
-Ministry of Education
-Kosovo Pedagogical Institute
-Teachers and mediators or potential mediators
-International agencies and organisations, local INGO working on this issue in Kosovo (bilateral meetings during the lunch breaks or dinners and on Thursday morning)
Consultants/Experts Calin Rus, Saimir Mile, Rubin Zemon, Oana Nestian 
CoE Secretariat Aurora Ailincai, Project manager
Emir Adzovic, Project Co-ordinator
Hatixhe Ramosaj, Project assistant 
Total No. Participants 65 
Last Modified


  * All reference to Kosovo, whether to the territory, institutions or population, in this text shall be understood in full compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 and without prejudice to the status of Kosovo.  
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